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Lyndhurst, NJ 07071
201.896.0096
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What is Glaucoma?

GlaucomaGlaucoma Specialists Lyndhurst, New Jersey

Glaucoma, also referred to as “the thief of sight,” is an eye disease that painlessly and slowly steals away your sight and there are usually no symptoms associates with this disease until vision loss has occurred. Glaucoma is the second leading cause of blindness in the United States and most people are not aware that they have this disease due to the lack of early symptoms.

Although the cause of glaucoma is unknown, there are several risk factors that increase the risk of developing this eye disease. The risk factors include:

  • High eye pressure (intraocular pressure)
  • Older age
  • Family Genetics
  • Most common in African-Americans and Hispanics

If you have any of the risk factors above, you should have regular eye examinations so that glaucoma can be determined early if present within your eyes.

 

Vision is damaged because the glaucoma destroys the optic nerve. The optic nerve connects your eye to your brain and carries the visual information to your brain to process images. If the optic nerve is damaged, vision loss will occur. With glaucoma, your peripheral vision is usually lost first and if not treated immediately, central vision loss will eventually occur.

It is still unknown as to why glaucoma damages the optic nerve, but it is believed that glaucoma causes a defect within the eye’s drainage system. The drainage system, also called the triabecular meshwork, acts like a filtering system that replenishes and cleanses the eye’s fluids. The clear fluid, called the vitreous gel, flows in and out of the eye and creates a certain eye pressure. In glaucoma patients, there is an overflow of fluid, or a blockage of fluid, causing high eye pressure which in turn can affect the optic nerve, causing a loss of vision.